Technology

Ingenuity snaps colour pictures of rusty Martian floor

NASA’s Ingenuity Mars helicopter continues to interrupt new frontiers in its remote-operated adventures throughout the floor of the Pink Planet. After its third and longest-ever flight on Sunday, the four-pound helicopter despatched again to Earth its second and third colour pictures of the floor of our photo voltaic neighbor. 

This 80-second jaunt surpassed even what Ingenuity was able to throughout checks on Earth, flying farther, additional, and quicker than ever earlier than. Setting off at 4:31 a.m. EDT, the sprightly helicopter rose 16 toes into the air, matching the peak of its second flight. Below the watchful eye of the Perseverance rover, it then sped off downrange for 164 toes, or about half a soccer subject, reaching a prime pace of 6.6 toes per second—4.5 miles per hour.

[Related: Ingenuity flew on Mars. Now NASA will push it to the brink of destruction.]

“At this time’s flight was what we deliberate for, and but it was nothing wanting superb,” mentioned Dave Lavery, the challenge’s program govt at NASA Headquarters in Washington, in a press briefing. “With this flight, we’re demonstrating crucial capabilities that can allow the addition of an aerial dimension to future Mars missions.”

Capturing these colour pictures took a real feat of engineering, given the problem of monitoring the Martian floor at increased speeds. An algorithm should accurately and persistently observe the planet’s floor options whereas sustaining the proper picture publicity. Mud can even thwart an in any other case excellent picture alternative.

The helicopter can seize black and white photos, too, utilizing its navigation digital camera. It makes use of the identical pc that operates the craft, based mostly on directions despatched up hours earlier than up to date information is obtained again on Earth. 

These newest colour pictures will present essential info to information the way forward for exploration on Mars, each for Ingenuity itself and for potential future rotorcraft that may additionally go to the planet.  

Ingenuity touched down on Mars’ floor on April 4, after being deposited there by the Perseverance rover, which serves as a communication base for the copter. It faces a spread of challenges in its flights, primarily the skinny, wispy Martian air. The ambiance of the Pink Planet has only one % of the density of our ambiance right here on Earth. 

NASA’s workforce hopes to set Ingenuity off on its fourth flight in a matter of some days. 

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