Dementia, characterised by extreme impairment of the individual’s mental capability, emotional disturbance and persona adjustments, is brought on by a lot of completely different causes such because the lack of neurons within the mind as a consequence of head damage, metabolic issues, and even as a consequence of a tumor within the mind.
The human mind has 2 hemispheres — the left hemisphere and the precise hemisphere. A big part of the individual’s mind is often broken in a affected person affected by dementia. Whereas the language expertise of an individual are completely managed by the left hemisphere of the mind, music is perceived by many various components of the mind reasonably than only one explicit a part of the mind because the completely different components of music akin to rhythm, pitch, and melody are all processed in another way by distinct components of the human mind. Subsequently, it’s able to reaching the remaining wholesome sections of the affected person’s mind.
Music therapy is obtained and processed by completely different mind stem cells and subsequently, even severely demented folks can reply to music. Music therapy may be perceived and therefore, used as a method of communication for folks affected by dementia, whose expertise of comprehending or studying languages is severely impaired. When all different modes of communication fail to make any influence, music, with its non-verbal stimulant qualities, tends to penetrate the affected person’s thoughts and makes attainable some quantity of social, emotional or cognitive connection. Signs akin to agitation and confusion amongst these folks affected by dementia will also be soothed out by the stress-free and soothing results of music.
The diploma of familiarity, the diploma of liking of the affected person for that specific music and the recollections related to the music or the importance that the music holds for the person are sure components which outline the extent of constructive influence or helpful results of the music remedy. Whereas a well-known music can elicit constructive responses akin to tapping of fingers and toes to the tune, buzzing, rhythmic motion of physique organs with the music, or a change of expression on the face, unfamiliar music fails to register itself within the mind within the first place. Subsequently, we can’t discover constructive results within the affected person when unfamiliar music is performed in the course of the music remedy periods. Equally, acquainted setting will help the affected person relate extra to the place, and makes him really feel extra reassured and comforted.
The music therapist should be very cautious concerning the pitch and the amount of the music used for remedy as a result of even these components have an awesome influence on the affected person. Whereas a excessive pitch and excessive quantity may cause anxiousness and strain to construct up, a low pitch makes them really feel extra relaxed.