Wild Cherry – Prunus serotina
A deciduous tree, the cherry tree grows as much as 90 ft tall. The bark is darkish reddish brown (grey in maturity), tough, fragrant, and cross-marked. Leaves are serrated, oval to lance formed, inexperienced on prime and pale beneath, with finely toothed edges. White flowers cling in drooping a number of clusters. The fruit is a blackish purple cherry.
The cherry tree is indigenous to North America. Additionally it is cultivated in Europe. This tree grows finest in deep, wealthy, moist, well-drained soil beneath full solar.
FOLKLORE AND TRADITIONAL USES
Settlers within the Appalachian Mountains used the cherry tree’s fruit to brew “rumcherry,” a potent liquor. Early New England craftsmen turned to the native tree as an alternative to the extra pricey and inaccessible Honduras mahogany. Therefore, the cherry is usually known as “the poor man’s mahogany.” Its finely textured grain has been used for hundreds of years in furnishings, musical devices, and architectural paneling. The marginally bitter-tasting fruit is used to make jelly and wine.
Cherry bark is a well-liked Native American treatment, lengthy used to deal with coughs and colds. Its main constituent is prunasin, which, when damaged down within the physique, quells spasms within the clean muscle tissues that line the bronchioles. Cherry tree syrup is efficient in treating coughs, bronchitis, whooping cough, and different lung issues. Additionally it is believed to have a simultaneous delicate sedative motion. Nevertheless, watch out of the leaves: the leaves comprise hydrocyanic acid, which is poisonous and might trigger loss of life if ingested in massive quantities.