World

They had been a few of 9/11’s greatest names. The place are they now?


Rudolph Giuliani was a hero earlier than he was a punchline. Lisa Beamer was a spouse and mom earlier than she turned an emblem of Sept. 11 — and although her celeb handed, her widowhood can’t.

Within the aftermath of the planes falling from the sky, America and the world had been launched to an array of personalities. Some we had identified properly, however got here to see in numerous methods. Others had been thrown into public consciousness by sad happenstance.

Some, like Osama bin Laden and Mullah Mohammad Omar, are lifeless. However others have gone on to guide lives which might be postscripts to Sept. 11, 2001. Listed here are a number of of the boldface names of that tumultuous time — what they had been then, and what has occurred to them since.

RUDOLPH GIULIANI

THEN: Mayor of New York Metropolis, he was a hero of the second — empathetic, decided, a spotlight of the nation’s grief and a relentless presence at floor zero. “The variety of casualties shall be greater than any of us can bear finally,” he stated on Sept. 11. Oprah Winfrey pronounced him “America’s Mayor”; Time journal declared him “Individual of the Yr.”

SINCE: After suggesting that his expiring time period be prolonged as a result of 9/11 emergency — an concept that was roundly dismissed — Giuliani went into personal life, however not all that non-public. He launched a worthwhile safety agency and ran abortively for the Republican nomination for president in 2008. His adventures as a supporter of and agent for President Donald Trump are properly documented, and resulted within the suspension of his legislation license in his residence state.

BERNARD KERIK

THEN: New York Metropolis’s police commissioner. Bald and stocky, he by no means left Giuliani’s facet within the days after Sept. 11 — and adopted the mayor after he left workplace, becoming a member of the Giuliani safety agency.

SINCE: President George W. Bush appointed Kerik as Iraq’s interim minister of the inside in 2003 in the course of the Iraq struggle, and nominated him to move the U.S. Division of Homeland Safety in 2004. He withdrew from consideration when it was revealed that he had employed an undocumented employee as a nanny and housekeeper; there adopted a sequence of authorized troubles, together with convictions for ethics violations and tax fraud. He was pardoned by President Donald Trump in 2020.

GEORGE W. BUSH

THEN: The forty third president of the US, Bush was knowledgeable of the 9/11 assaults whereas studying “The Pet Goat” to second graders in Sarasota, Florida. He spoke to the nation that evening and visited floor zero three days later, grabbing a bullhorn to declare: “I can hear you! The remainder of the world hears you! And the individuals – and the individuals who knocked these buildings down will hear all of us quickly.” His help within the polls reached 85 %.

SINCE: The Struggle on Terrorism begat the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and Bush’s demand that the Taliban “hand over the terrorists, or … share of their destiny.” He had lengthy retired to grease portray in Texas when Navy SEALs killed bin Laden, and when President Joe Biden pulled U.S. forces from Afghanistan. In August, he stated he was watching developments there “with deep unhappiness.”

RICHARD CHENEY

THEN: Whereas the Secret Service performed “cover the president” with Bush on Sept. 11 — he was shuttled to navy bases in Louisiana and Nebraska, for worry of terrorist assaults — his vice chairman hunkered down in a “safe, undisclosed location,” a bunker contained in the White Home the place he helped direct the federal government’s actions. Cheney turned a fierce advocate of an unbridled response to the assaults, utilizing “any means at our disposal.” He pushed for the 2003 struggle in Iraq. The interrogation approach often known as waterboarding was a correct option to get data from terrorists, he stated — not torture, as its critics have lengthy insisted.

SINCE: After 5 coronary heart assaults and a 2012 coronary heart transplant, Cheney has lived to see his daughter, Liz, win his previous congressional seat in Wyoming and develop into GOP persona non grata due to her criticism of Donald Trump.

COLIN POWELL

THEN: A former head of the Joint Chiefs of Employees, Powell was confirmed unanimously as secretary of state in 2001. He would go on to make a persuasive case earlier than the United Nations for navy motion towards Iraq, claiming that Saddam Hussein was constructing weapons of mass destruction. The struggle was waged, Saddam was toppled and killed, Iraq was destabilized; no such weapons had been discovered.

SINCE: Powell has constantly defended his help of the Iraq Struggle. However the lifelong Republican had little use for Trump, endorsing Hillary Clinton in 2016 and talking in help of Biden on the 2020 Democratic conference. He left the Republican celebration after the Jan. 6 assault on the Capitol.

CONDOLEEZZA RICE

THEN: Nationwide safety adviser to Bush. In the summertime of 2001, she met with CIA Director George Tenet at his request to debate the specter of al-Qaida assaults on American targets. The CIA reported that “There shall be important terrorist assaults towards the US within the coming weeks or months.” Rice would later say that the knowledge was previous.

SINCE: Rice succeeded Powell as secretary of state and has since returned to Stanford College as provost, then as a school member. In 2012, she additionally turned one of many first two ladies allowed to hitch the Augusta Nationwide Golf Membership.

JOHN ASHCROFT

THEN: Lawyer basic throughout Bush’s first time period. Within the wake of 9/11, he was the administration’s prime advocate of the USA PATRIOT Act, which gave the federal government broad powers to analyze and prosecute these suspected of terrorism. However in 2004, whereas mendacity in an intensive care unit with gallstone pancreatitis, he refused the administration’s entreaties to overrule a Justice Division discovering that the Bush home intelligence program was unlawful.

SINCE: After leaving workplace in 2005, Ashcroft turned a lobbyist and marketing consultant. His appearances as a gospel singer (and songwriter — his tune “Let the Eagle Soar” was carried out on the second Bush inauguration) have tailed off.

JOHN YOO

THEN: As deputy assistant legal professional basic within the Justice Division’s Workplace of Authorized Counsel, Yoo offered a lot of the authorized underpinning for the Struggle on Terrorism. He argued that “enemy combatants” captured in Afghanistan needn’t be given prisoner of struggle standing; that the president may authorize warrantless wiretaps of U.S. residents on American soil; that using “enhanced interrogation strategies” like waterboarding was throughout the energy of the president throughout wartime.

SINCE: Yoo is a professor on the College of California, Berkeley, College of Regulation. He stays a robust supporter of presidential prerogatives; in 2020, his e-book “Defender in Chief: Donald Trump’s Battle for Presidential Energy” argued that Trump’s imaginative and prescient of the presidency was according to that of Washington, Jefferson, Madison and Hamilton.

KHALID SHEIKH MOHAMMED

THEN: Main propagandist of al-Qaida, labeled the “principal architect of the 9/11 assaults” by the 9/11 Fee. He was captured in 2003 by the CIA and Pakistan’s secret police, then spirited to CIA prisons in Poland and Afghanistan and eventually to Guantanamo. Underneath duress — some known as it torture — he confessed to involvement in practically each main al-Qaida operation, together with the 1993 bombing of the World Commerce Middle, the killing of journalist Daniel Pearl, the 2001 assaults and others.

SINCE: His trial date has been postponed repeatedly. He stays at Guantanamo, indefinitely.

HAMID KARZAI

THEN: Interim chief after which elected president of Afghanistan within the wake of Sept. 11, he managed the fragile balancing act of remaining on pleasant phrases with the US and the West whereas unifying his nation’s many factions — at the very least for a time. Greater than as soon as, he known as the Taliban “brothers,” and the later years of his presidency had been marked by friction with the US.

SINCE: Karzai has survived quite a few assassination makes an attempt, however when his second time period expired in 2014, the passage of energy to his successor, Ashraf Ghani, was peaceable. Ghani would lead the nation for nearly seven years, till he fled within the face of the Taliban’s triumphant return.

HOWARD LUTNICK

THEN: The chairman of the inventory buying and selling firm Cantor Fitzgerald would have been within the firm’s places of work on the prime of One World Commerce Middle, however he took his son Kyle to the primary day of kindergarten. A complete of 658 of the corporate’s workers — two thirds of its New York Metropolis workforce, together with Lutnick’s brother Gary — perished. Inside three days, Lutnick had established the Cantor-Fitzgerald Reduction Fund for his firm’s victims.

SINCE: The fund has disbursed greater than 1 / 4 of a billion {dollars}, together with cash for different victims of terrorism and disasters. Twenty years later, Lutnick stays the corporate’s chairman.

LISA BEAMER

THEN: After 9/11, Lisa Beamer turned the face of the day’s mourners, and a reminder of the day’s heroism. Her husband, Todd, a former faculty baseball and basketball participant, is believed to have led different passengers in an assault on the hijackers of United Airways Flight 93 that introduced the airplane down earlier than it may crash in Washington. His exhortation of “Let’s roll!” turned a rallying cry. His widow made 200 public appearances within the six months after the assaults.

SINCE: Lisa Beamer co-wrote a e-book, “Let’s Roll! Strange Individuals, Extraordinary Braveness,” and established a basis in her husband’s reminiscence. Donations dwindled, and Beamer receded from public view. The couple had three youngsters, and all attended Wheaton Faculty, the place their mother and father met. All are athletes, like their dad: Dave, 3 years previous when his father died, was a soccer quarterback; Drew, who was 1, performed soccer, as has Morgan, born 4 months after the assaults. Morgan was her father’s center identify.



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